The Ridge Assisted Living website is designed to be a model of accessibility and ensure we meet the access needs of any site visitor. One of the pillars of accessible web design is using defaults and certain design elements that can be adjusted by the end user. This kind of design permits visitors to adjust font size, contrast, and customize other elements to meet their particular viewing needs.
Information on some of the top browsers access features, and how to work with custom settings are described below.
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Make Internet Explorer easier to use
Windows Internet Explorer 9 includes accessibility options to help all users, including those with disabilities, move around the Internet easier, see webpages more clearly, and access information quicker.
Make webpages easier to see
For better visibility of webpages you can change the fonts, font sizes, text and background colors, or zoom in on a webpage to enlarge it, or zoom out to see more of the page on screen.
Zoom in on a webpage
Make everything on a webpage easier to see by zooming in, or enlarging the whole page including images and text. You can zoom from 10% to 1000%. To change the zoom level, on the bottom right of the Internet Explorer screen, click the arrow next to the Change Zoom Level button. Or, to quickly zoom using the keyboard, Press CTRL + PLUS SIGN (+) to zoom in, or CTRL + HYPHEN (-) to zoom out.You can also change the size your webpage is displayed using the Tools menu in Internet Explorer 9. You can select a size option for each webpage you open. To access this option, click the Tools icon in Internet Explorer 9, then select, Zoom, and then select the size option you want.
Change the font size, formatting, and screen colors
To make webpages easier to see, you can change the font type and size, and the foreground and background colors that are used to display webpages. You can also specify the color used for links in webpages, and override colors used on webpages.To make these changes, select Internet Options from the Tools menu in Internet Explorer 9
Then, select one of the buttons at the bottom of the dialog box:
- Fonts—to change the font type and size used on webpages.
- Colors—to change the font colors used on webpages.
- Accessibility—to make Internet Explorer ignore colors, font styles and font sizes used on webpages, or to format webpages using your own stylesheet.
Improve the legibility of printed webpages
To make text on webpages stand out more clearly from background colors and images when you print the pages, you can prevent the background colors from printing. To stop printing background colors and images, open Internet Explorer, then click the Tools button, point to Print, and then click Page setup. Under Paper Options, clear the Print Background Colors and Images checkbox, and then click OK.
Use the keyboard to surf the web
You can quickly move around the Web by using one key and one key combination: TAB or SHIFT+TAB. With these keys you can quickly navigate through links that are text or images, text fields on website forms, hotspots on image maps, the Address bar, the tabs bar, and HTML frames. But, there’s even more you can do with keyboard shortcuts to save time and effort, see Internet Explorer 9 keyboard shortcuts.
See Change the fonts and colors websites use for detailed instructions on choosing your preferred font styles and colors.
Overriding Page Fonts
Some websites may display text in fonts that are difficult to read, and other sites may rely on the browser’s default fonts. You can set your default fonts by opening the Options window, selecting the Content panel, and selecting a default font and size in the Fonts & Colorssection.
You can specify default fonts for different styles, including serif, sans-serif, and monospace by clicking the Advanced… button. However, many web pages specify their own fonts, so your choices will have no effect on such pages. To override the fonts defined by such pages, uncheck the Allow pages to choose their own fonts, instead of my selections above option.
Note that some web pages may display incorrectly depending on your choice of a default font.
Setting a Minimum Font Size
Some websites may display text which is too small to read comfortably. To make such pages easier to read, you can set a minimum font size. On web pages that try to display text smaller than this size, Firefox will enlarge the text to your chosen size.
To set a minimum font size, open the Options window, select the Content panel, and click theAdvanced… button in the Fonts & Colors section. You can specify a minimum font size from the dropdown menu.
Note that some web pages may display incorrectly depending on your choice of a minimum font size.
Resizing Page Text
You can change the size of text on any web page with Text Zoom you can select as follow:
- Press the Alt key to temporarily bring up the traditional Firefox menus. At the top of the Firefox window, click the View menu, then go to Zoom.
- Select Zoom Text Only, which will make the controls only apply to text, not images.
The following keyboard shortcuts control text size when Text Zoom is selected:
- Press Ctrl++ to increase the text size.
- Press Ctrl+- to decrease the text size.
- Press Ctrl+0 (zero) to reset the text size to the web page’s default size.
Note that some web pages may display incorrectly if you increase or decrease the text size.
For other ways to zoom in and out text of a web page, see Font size and zoom – increase the size of web pages.
Overriding Page Colors
Some websites may display text and background colors that are difficult to read, and other sites may rely on the browser’s default colors. You can set your default colors by opening theOptions window, selecting the Content panel, and clicking the Colors… button in the Fonts & Colors section. You can set default text and background colors, as well as default colors for visited and unvisited hyperlinks. You can also specify whether hyperlinks should be underlined.
However, many web pages set their own colors, so your choices will have no effect. To override the colors defined by web pages, uncheck the Allow pages to choose their own colors, instead of my selections above option.
Using a High Contrast Theme
Firefox automatically detects if you are using a High Contrast theme and displays everything in your high contrast color scheme. This overrides all other other browser or web page settings, and it affects the Firefox interface itself (all menus, windows, and dialog boxes) and the content of any web page you visit.
To use a High Contrast theme, go to Start Menu, select Control Panel, then Accessibility Options, finally Display and check the Use High Contrast option.
Turn on accessibility features
You can enable synthesized speech feedback, high contrast mode, and screen magnifier for your Chromebook, if you have visual impairments.
Enable accessibility options
- If you haven’t already, sign in to your Chromebook. You can change your accessibility settings when you turn on your Chromebook for the first time by clicking on the Accessibility area in the lower left corner as you review the Chrome OS Terms and Conditions.
- Click the status area in the lower-right corner, where your account picture appears.
- Select Settings.
- Click Show advanced settings at the bottom of the page.
- In the “Accessibility” section, select any of the following checkboxes:
- Enable spoken feedback
- Enable high contrast mode
- Enable screen magnifier
After you’ve enabled Accessibility features, you’ll be able to adjust them from the status area. Then you can press Ctrl + Alt + Brightness up or Brightness down (or use Ctrl + Alt + two fingers scrolling up or down on the trackpad) to magnify the screen. You can also press Ctrl+Alt+Z to enable or disable spoken feedback.
How spoken feedback works
- On the sign-in screen, the user name field and password prompts are spoken. Your password is not echoed when you enter it for security reasons.
- Once you’re signed in, the Chrome OS screenreader, ChromeVox, is activated. With ChromeVox active, you get spoken feedback for all user actions (e.g. browsing menus, opening webpages).
- ChromeVox provides a set of keyboard commands you can use to navigate Chrome menus and webpages. You can navigate web content in a variety of ways. For example, pressing the arrow keys while holding down the Shift and Search keys moves through the elements on the current page and speaks them intelligently as they are traversed. If you’re using an external keyboard (on a Chromebook or Chromebox), the shortcut keys are Shift and Windows key.
VoiceOver Screen Reader
Safari features built-in support for Apple’s VoiceOver screen reader in OS X. VoiceOver describes aloud what appears on your screen and reads the text and links of websites. Using VoiceOver, you can completely control the computer with the keyboard instead of the mouse.
Enhanced Keyboard Navigation
Thanks to the enhanced keyboard navigation options in Safari, you can navigate the web without a mouse. Press the Tab key, and Safari jumps to the next password field, pop-up menu, or input field. For increased keyboard control, you can hold down the Option key while tabbing to have Safari skip through every link on the page. And if you press the Return key, Safari opens the highlighted link, letting you “point and click” with just a few keystrokes.
Zoom Text Only
You can choose to zoom in on only the text when you take a closer look at a web page.
Zoom in or out on web content using keyboard shortcuts, Multi-Touch gestures, or the Zoom toolbar button for more comfortable reading. Images and graphics scale up while your text remains razor sharp, keeping the web page layout consistent as you zoom. To add the Zoom button to your toolbar, simply choose Customize Toolbar from the View menu and drag the button onto your toolbar.
Closed Captions for HTML5 Video
Safari can now deliver an accessible video experience. If a video embedded in a web page using the HTML5
<video> tag includes closed captions, click the CC button in the video controls to display them.
HTML5 Timed Text Tracks NEW
Developers can specify the timing of any text that appears with a media element, such as captions or subtitles.
HTML5 Media Synchronization NEW
Safari supports web pages that coordinate the playback of multiple HTML5 media elements. Website developers can overlay a sign language interpretation track on a video track and keep the two in sync.
Custom Style Sheets
Apply a custom style sheet — that you download or create yourself — that sets default fonts, font sizes, colors, and contrast, making your favorite websites more readable.
Minimum Font Size
If you find that text on some websites is too small to read (such as photo captions or fine print), Safari can increase the font size to make it more legible. Just set the minimum font size in the Advanced pane of Safari preferences.+ More Apple Safari Accessibility Features
At any time while using Opera, you can press Help > Opera Help > Keyboard to open the keyboard shortcuts page from the built-in help files for a comprehensive reference.
F1 opens the Opera Help files.
Esc closes any dialog box. When the keyboard focus is on a document, Esc will stop the loading of that document.
Basic Interface Functions
When navigating without a mouse pointer, it is necessary to understand how the keyboard focus works. The Opera interface consists of several major parts; the application window, pages containing documents, e-mail or chat sessions, the top menu, the context menus, the toolbars, the address field, and the panels.
- To get keyboard focus on the active page, press F9
- To focus on the page’s address field, use F8
- To load and focus the panels, press F7
- Toggle the last active panel with Shift+F4, and the panel selector with F4
- Press Z to go back and X to go forward
- You can also use Alt+Left or Backspace to go back and Alt+Right to go forward
There is a keypress substitute for each of the functions of each button on the toolbars, and there is no need for the toolbars to be visible if you know these keyboard shortcuts. You can turn off the toolbars completely to gain more screen space. Choose from the menu: View > Toolbars and disable any toolbar you are not using. This operation can also be performed using just the keyboard. Alt activates focus on the menu, which is common Windows application behavior.
Learning to live without the toolbars
This is a little easier if you are already familiar with some common system and Multiple Document Interfaceshortcuts, although more than half of Opera’s shortcuts are unique to the browser. Working without the address bar is is also possible– Ctrl+F8 toggles this bar on and off.
Wherever you are in the Opera interface, you should find a local context menu, or “right-click menu”. Using the keyboard, the command Ctrl+M will display a context menu practically wherever your keyboard focus may be. The context menus are navigable using the directional arrow keys, and offer additional options and shortcuts for many functions.
Opera’s full-screen mode, otherwise known as Opera Show, can be activated using F11, and deactivated using the same key. Navigate in full-screen mode by using PgUp/PgDn and the arrow keys.
Loading and Managing a Document
The primary function of a browser is to load and show documents. With Opera you can choose to browse with one open tab, or multitudes.
To load a document from a local drive, use Ctrl+O. To directly load an external Web address or type in a nickname from your bookmarks, press F2. If you prefer using the address field, focus it by tapping F8 and enter the Web address directly. Ctrl+T will open a new tab and focus its address field.
Toggle image loading in the page at any time using the three-way toggle key Shift+I (show all/cached only/hide all). Equally useful is the document/user mode toggle Shift+G.
To go into print view, simply press Shift+P, to print the document, use Ctrl+P. View the document source by pressing Ctrl+F3.
F5 or Ctrl+R will reload the document. This function is, as well as other functions that are useful for loading and managing documents, also available from the document context menu. Press Ctrl+M while the focus is on the document.
To save the current document locally, press Ctrl+S. If you wish to close the page, use Ctrl+W or Ctrl+F4. To close the application window, press Ctrl+Shift+W or Alt+F4. To close all Opera windows and exit Opera, press Ctrl+Q.
You can also hide the application by pressing Ctrl+H, which minimizes Opera to the system tray icon.